Application security is the protection of software applications from cyber threats and vulnerabilities. Policies are established to guide the development and deployment of applications in a secure manner. Procedures are created to detail the steps necessary to secure applications and to ensure that policies are consistently followed. Training is provided to developers and other personnel to ensure that they understand the policies and procedures and are able to apply them effectively. By implementing policies, procedures, and training in SPIO, organizations can reduce the risk of cyber attacks on their applications and protect sensitive data from theft or damage.